Vatican City

Vatican forges ties with South Sudan

Among 40 states to establish relations with African country

Vatican forges ties with South Sudan

Vatican City, February 22 - The Holy See has established diplomatic relations with South Sudan, one of about 40 states to do so, the Vatican said in a statement Friday. South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011, following a referendum that passed with 98.83% of the vote and six years after a civil war that ended in 2005. It is a United Nations member state and a member of the African Union. Officially the Republic of South Sudan, and previously known as Southern Sudan, it is a landlocked country in east-central Africa. Its current capital is Juba, also its largest city. The capital is planned to move to the more centrally located Ramciel in the future. The modern states of South Sudan and Sudan were part of Egypt under the Muhammad Ali Dynasty, later being governed as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium until Sudanese independence was achieved in 1956. Following the First Sudanese Civil War, the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region was formed in 1972 and lasted until 1983. A second Sudanese civil war soon developed and ended with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005. Later that year, southern autonomy was restored when an Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan was formed. Some 115 countries have recognised South Sudan. Vatican spokesman Federico Lombardi

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